Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2021
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial statements for interim periods in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”). The information included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 ("2020 Form 10-K”). The Company’s accounting policies are described in the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” in the 2020 Form 10-K and are updated, as necessary, in this Form 10-Q. The December 31, 2020 condensed consolidated balance sheet data presented for comparative purposes was derived from the audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. The results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year or for any other subsequent interim period.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and our wholly owned subsidiaries, Ondas Networks and FS Partners, and our majority owned subsidiary, FS Holding. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions between these entities have been eliminated in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Use of Estimates
The process of preparing financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Such management estimates include those relating to revenue recognition, inventory write-downs to reflect net realizable value, assumptions used in the valuation of stock-based awards and valuation allowances against deferred tax assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. On June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had no cash equivalents. The Company periodically monitors its positions with, and the credit quality of the financial institutions with which it invests. Periodically, throughout the three months ended, and as of June 30, 2021, the Company has maintained balances in excess of federally insured limits. As of June 30, 2021, the Company was approximately $58,250,000 in excess of federally insured limits.
Inventories, which consist solely of raw materials, work in process and finished goods, are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or net realizable value, net of reserves for obsolete inventory. We continually analyze our slow-moving and excess inventories. Based on historical and projected sales volumes and anticipated selling prices, we established reserves. Inventory that is in excess of current and projected use is reduced by an allowance to a level that approximates its estimate of future demand. Products that are determined to be obsolete are written down to net realizable value. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we determined that no such reserves were necessary.
Inventory consists of the following:
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Our financial instruments consist primarily of receivables, accounts payable, accrued expenses and short- and long-term debt. The carrying amount of receivables, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximates our fair value because of the short-term maturity of such instruments.
We have categorized our assets and liabilities that are valued at fair value on a recurring basis into a three-level fair value hierarchy in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities (Level 1) and lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3).
Assets and liabilities recorded in the balance sheets at fair value are categorized based on a hierarchy of inputs, as follows:
The Company had no financial instruments that are required to be valued at fair value as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
Deferred Offering Costs
The Company capitalizes certain legal, professional accounting and other third-party fees that are directly associated with in-process equity financings as deferred offering costs until such financings are consummated. After consummation of equity financings, these costs are recorded in stockholders’ equity (deficit) as a reduction of additional paid-in capital generated as a result of the offering. Should the planned equity financings be abandoned, the deferred offering costs are expensed immediately as a charge to other income (expense) in the consolidated statement of operations.
The Company is engaged in the development, marketing and sale of wireless radio systems for secure, wide area mission-critical, business-to business networks. We generate revenue primarily through from the sale of our FullMAX System and the delivery of related services, along with non-recurring engineering (“NRE”) development projects with certain customers.
On April 23, 2020, effective April 24, 2020, the Company and Siemens Mobility, Inc. (“Siemens”) (the “Parties”) entered into a Joint Development Agreement (the “JDA”) and a Brand Label and Master Purchase Agreement (the “BLA”). The JDA calls for the joint development of (i) a dual-mode 900 MHz over-the-air ATCS compatible, MC-IoT capable base station radio and (ii) a dual-purpose 900 MHz, over-the-air advanced train control system (“ATCS”) compatible, MC-IoT capable wayside radio. The BLA calls for the purchase by Siemens of certain products developed under the JDA to create a Siemens-branded portfolio of wireless radio communication systems for the North American Rail Market. As of June 30, 2021 the ATCS joint development program was 99.5% completed.
On January 29, 2021, the Company and Siemens signed a letter of intent to start negotiations to enter into a definitive agreement for the development of a new product for the global rail market. As agreed in the letter of intent, Siemens issued initial purchase orders on February 3, 2021 in order to commence the program. Preliminary and other work on this project began in the first quarter of 2021 with 58% being completed as of June 30, 2021. This new joint development product will be marketed and sold worldwide by Siemens and will be the Company’s first onboard locomotive product.
On March 11, 2021, the Company received a purchase order from AURA Network System (“AURA”) to develop a radio system capable of performing Base Station and Mobile Remote functions in support of AURA’s C2 UAS system. As of June 30, 2021, 97% of the project was completed. The system will be used by AURA for customer testing and demonstration purposes beginning in the third quarter of 2021.
Collaboration Arrangements Within the Scope of ASC 808, Collaborative Arrangements
The Company’s development revenue includes contracts where the Company and the customer work cooperatively to develop software and hardware applications. The Company analyzes these contracts to assess whether such arrangements involve joint operating activities performed by parties that are both active participants in the activities and exposed to significant risks and rewards dependent on the commercial success of such activities and are therefore within the scope of ASC Topic 808, Collaborative Arrangements (“ASC 808"). This assessment is performed throughout the life of the arrangement based on changes in the responsibilities of all parties in the arrangement. For collaboration arrangements that are deemed to be within the scope of ASC 808, the Company first determines which elements of the collaboration are deemed to be within the scope of ASC 808 and those that are more reflective of a vendor-customer relationship and therefore within the scope of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606"). The Company’s policy is generally to recognize amounts received from collaborators in connection with joint operating activities that are within the scope of ASC 808 as a reduction in research and development expense. As of June 30, 2021, the Company has not identified any contracts with its customers that meet the criteria of ASC 808.
Arrangements Within the Scope of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers
Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue when the customer obtains control of promised products or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which is expected to be received in exchange for those products or services. The Company recognizes revenue following the five-step model prescribed under ASC 606: (i) identify contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligation(s) in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligation(s) in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the entity will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the products or services it transfers to the customer.
At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the products or services promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations and assesses whether each promised product or service is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied. To the extent the transaction price includes variable consideration, we estimate the amount of variable consideration that should be included in the transaction price utilizing the expected value method. Variable consideration is included in the transaction price if, in our judgment, it is probable that a significant future reversal of cumulative revenue under the contract will not occur. Estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of our anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available. Sales and other taxes collected on behalf of third parties are excluded from revenue. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, none of our contracts with customers included variable consideration.
Contracts that are modified to account for changes in contract specifications and requirements are assessed to determine if the modification either creates new or changes the existing enforceable rights and obligations. Generally, contract modifications are for products or services that are not distinct from the existing contract due to the inability to use, consume or sell the products or services on their own to generate economic benefits and are accounted for as if they were part of that existing contract. The effect of a contract modification on the transaction price and measure of progress for the performance obligation to which it relates, is recognized as an adjustment to revenue (either as an increase in or a reduction of revenue) on a cumulative catch-up basis. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, there were no modifications to contract specifications.
The Company is engaged in the development, marketing and sale of wireless radio systems for secure, wide area mission-critical, business-to-business networks. We generate revenue primarily from the sale of our FullMAX System and the delivery of related services, along with non-recurring engineering (“NRE”) development projects with certain customers.
Product revenue is comprised of sales of the Company’s software defined base station and remote radios, its network management and monitoring system, and accessories. The Company’s software and hardware is sold with a limited one-year basic warranty included in the price. The limited one-year basic warranty is an assurance-type warranty, is not a separate performance obligation, and thus no transaction price is allocated to it. The nature of tasks under the limited one-year basic warranty only provides for remedying defective product(s) covered by the warranty. Product revenue is generally recognized when the customer obtains control of our product, which occurs at a point in time, and may be upon shipment or upon delivery based on the contractual shipping terms of a contract, or upon installation when the combined performance obligation is not distinct within the context of the contract.
Service revenue is comprised of separately priced extended warranty sales, network support and maintenance, remote monitoring, as well as ancillary services directly related to the sale of the Company’s wireless communications products including wireless network design, systems engineering, radio frequency planning, software configuration, product training, installation, and onsite support. The extended warranty we sell provides a level of assurance beyond the coverage for defects that existed at the time of a sale or against certain types of covered damage. The extended warranty includes 1) factory hardware repair or replacement of the base station and remote radios, at our election, 2) software upgrades, bug fixes and new features of the radio software and network management systems (“NMS”), 3) deployment and network architecture support, and 4) technical support by phone and email. Ancillary service revenues are recognized at the point in time when those services have been provided to the customer and the performance obligation has been satisfied. With respect to extended warranty sales and remote monitoring, the Company applies the input method using straight-line recognition.
Development revenue is comprised primarily of non-recurring engineering service contracts to develop software and hardware applications for various customers. A significant portion of this revenue is generated through three contracts with two customers whereby the Company is to develop such applications to interoperate within the customers infrastructure. For these contracts, the Company and the customers work cooperatively, whereby the customers’ involvement is to provide technical specifications for the product design, as well as, to review and approve the project progress at various markers based on predetermined milestones. The products developed are not able to be sold to any other customer and are based in part upon existing Company and customer technology. Development revenue is recognized as services are provided over the life of the contract as the Company has an enforceable right to payment for services completed to date and there is no alternative use of the product.
If the customer contract contains a single performance obligation, the entire transaction price is allocated to the single performance obligation. We enter into certain contracts within our service revenues that have multiple performance obligations, one or more of which may be delivered subsequent to the delivery of other performance obligations. We allocate the transaction price based on the estimated relative standalone selling prices of the promised products or services underlying each performance obligation. We determine standalone selling prices based on the price at which the performance obligation is sold separately. If the standalone selling price is not observable through past transactions, we estimate the standalone selling price considering available information such as market conditions and internally approved pricing guidelines related to the performance obligations. Revenue is then allocated to the performance obligations using the relative selling prices of each of the performance obligations in the contract.
Our payment terms vary and range from Net 15 to Net 30 days from the date of the invoices for product and services related revenue. Our payment terms for the majority of our development related revenue carry milestone related payment obligations which span the contract life. For milestone-based contracts, the customer reviews the completed milestone and once approved, makes payment pursuant to the applicable contract.
These contracts are also assessed to determine whether they are collaborative arrangements within ASC 808. As of June 30, 2021, the Company notes that no current contracts fall under the guidance within ASC 808 and will continue to be accounted for in accordance with ASC 606.
Disaggregation of Revenue
The following tables present our disaggregated revenues by Type of Revenue and Timing of Revenue:
Contract Assets and Liabilities
We recognize a receivable or contract asset when we perform a service or transfer a good in advance of receiving consideration. A receivable is recorded when our right to consideration is unconditional and only the passage of time is required before payment of that consideration is due. A contract asset is recorded when our right to consideration in exchange for goods or services that we have transferred or provided to a customer is conditional on something other than the passage of time. Contract assets on June 30, 2021 was $613,650 and is included in other current assets in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet. We did not have any contract assets recorded at December 31, 2020.
We recognize a contract liability when we receive consideration, or if we have the unconditional right to receive consideration, in advance of satisfying the performance obligation. A contract liability is our obligation to transfer goods or services to a customer for which we have received consideration, or an amount of consideration is due from the customer. The table below details the activity in our contract liabilities during the six months ended June 30, 2021, and the year ended December 31, 2020, which is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet.
For our software and hardware products, we provide a limited one-year assurance-type warranty and for our development service, we provide no warranties. The assurance-type warranty covers defects in material and workmanship only. If a software or hardware component is determined to be defective after being tested by the Company within the one-year, the Company will repair, replace or refund the price of the covered hardware and/or software to the customer (not including any shipping, handling, delivery or installation charges). We estimate, based upon a review of historical warranty claim experience, the costs that may be incurred under our warranties and record a liability in the amount of such estimate at the time a product is sold. Factors that affect our warranty liability include the number of units sold, historical and anticipated rates of warranty claims, and cost per claim. We periodically assess the adequacy of our recorded warranty liability and adjust the accrual as claims data and historical experience warrants. The Company has assessed the costs of fulfilling its existing assurance-type warranties and has determined that the estimated outstanding warranty obligation on June 30, 2021 or December 31, 2020 are immaterial to the Company’s financial statements.
Under Topic 842, operating lease expense is generally recognized evenly over the term of the lease. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company had one operating lease consisting of office space in Sunnyvale, CA (the “Gibraltar Lease”) and for the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company had operating leases primarily consisting of two office space leases in Sunnyvale, California (the “North Pastoria Lease” and the “Gibraltar Lease”) (collectively, the “Sunnyvale Leases”). On December 31, 2020, the North Pastoria Lease expired. The Gibraltar Lease expired on February 28, 2021 and was verbally extended to March 31, 2021 under the same terms. On January 22, 2021, we entered into a 24-month lease (effective April 1, 2021) with the owner and landlord (the “2021 Gibraltar Lease”), wherein the base rate is $45,000 per month, with a security deposit in the amount of $90,000.
On January 24, 2020, the Company and a third party (the “Sublessee”) entered into a Sublease agreement (the “Sublease”) on the North Pastoria Lease, wherein the Sublessee occupied the premises through December 31, 2020. The Sublessee made rent payments of approximately $9,666 and management fee payments of approximately $457 per month beginning February 1, 2020, and a one-time security deposit of $19,332. Sublease rental income for the period from February 1 through December 31, 2020 was $111,349. On December 31, 2020, $10,122 of the security deposit was applied to the December 2020 amount due and the balance was refunded on January 19, 2021.
We determine if an arrangement is a lease, or contains a lease, at the inception of the arrangement. If we determine the arrangement is a lease, or contains a lease, at lease inception, we then determine whether the lease is an operating lease or finance lease. Operating and finance leases result in recording a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and lease liability on our consolidated balance sheets. ROU assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. For purposes of calculating operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities, we use the non-cancellable lease term plus options to extend that we are reasonably certain to take. Lease expense for operating lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Our leases generally do not provide an implicit rate. As such, we use our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. This rate is generally consistent with the interest rate we pay on borrowings under our credit facilities, as this rate approximates our collateralized borrowing capabilities over a similar term of the lease payments. We have elected not to recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities that arise from short-term (12 months or less) leases for any class of underlying assets. We have elected not to separate lease and non-lease components for any class of underlying asset.
Lease Positions as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020
ROU lease assets and lease liabilities for our operating leases were recorded in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as follows:
Net Loss Per Common Share
Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average shares of common stock outstanding for each period. Diluted net loss per share is the same as basic net loss per share since the Company has net losses for each period presented.
The following potentially dilutive securities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share because the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.
Concentration of Customers
Because we have only recently invested in our customer service and support organization, a small number of customers have accounted for a substantial amount of our revenue.
The table below sets forth the Company’s customers that accounted for greater than 10% of its revenues for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively:
Customer B accounted for 75% of the Company’s accounts receivable balance at June 30, 2021.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which removes certain exceptions for recognizing deferred taxes for investments, performing intraperiod tax allocation and calculating income taxes in interim periods. ASU 2019-12 is applicable to all entities subject to income taxes. ASU 2019-12 provides guidance to minimize complexity in certain areas by introducing a policy election to not allocate consolidated income taxes when a member of a consolidated tax return is not subject to income tax and guides whether to relate a step-up tax basis to a business combination or separate transaction. ASU 2019-12 changes the current guidance of making an intraperiod allocation, determining when a tax liability is recognized after a foreign entity investor transitions to or from equity method of accounting, accounting for tax law changes and year-to-date losses in interim periods, and determining how to apply income tax guidance to franchise taxes. The amendments ASU 2019-12 are effective for all public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 and include interim periods. The guidance is effective for all other entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021 and for interim periods beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this pronouncement had no impact on our accompanying consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which replaces the incurred loss methodology with an expected loss methodology that is referred to as the current expected credit loss (“CECL”) methodology. The CECL model utilizes a lifetime expected credit loss measurement objective for the recognition of credit losses for loans and other receivables at the time the financial asset is originated or acquired. The expected credit losses are adjusted each period for changes in expected lifetime credit losses. This model replaces the multiple existing impairment models previously used under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, which generally require that a loss be incurred before it is recognized. The new standard also applies to financial assets arising from revenue transactions such as contract assets and accounts receivables. For public business entities that meet the definition of an SEC filer, excluding entities eligible to be SRCs as defined by the SEC, ASU No. 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2019. All other entities, ASU No. 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2022. The adoption of this pronouncement had no impact on our accompanying consolidated financial statements.
In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-11, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses, which amends certain aspects of the Board’s new credit loss standard (ASC 326). ASU 2019-11 is applicable to companies that hold financial assets in the scope of the credit losses standard. FASB permits to include the following in estimate if expected credit losses: expected recoveries of financial assets previously written off and expected recoveries of financial assets with credit deterioration. The scope of guidance related to expected recoveries includes purchased financial assets with credit deterioration. ASU 2019-11 permits entities to record negative allowance when measuring expected credit losses for a purchased credit deteriorated financial asset and expected recoveries cannot exceed the aggregate amount previously written off or expected to be written off. When discounted cash flow method is not being used to estimate expected credit losses, expected recoveries cannot include any amounts in an acceleration of the noncredit discount. An entity may include increases in expected cash flows after acquisition. Early adoption is not permitted. The adoption of this pronouncement had no impact on our accompanying consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued accounting standards update (“ASU”) 2021-04—Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt—Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options, to clarify and reduce diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options (for example, warrants) that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public and nonpublic entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods with fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of the adoption of ASU No. 2021-04 on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06"), which simplifies an issuer’s accounting for convertible instruments by reducing the number of accounting models that require separate accounting for embedded conversion features. ASU 2020-06 also simplifies the settlement assessment that entities are required to perform to determine whether a contract qualifies for equity classification and makes targeted improvements to the disclosures for convertible instruments and earnings-per-share (EPS) guidance. This update will be effective for the Company’s fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Entities can elect to adopt the new guidance through either a modified retrospective method of transition or a fully retrospective method of transition. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pending adoption of the new standard on its financial statements and intends to adopt the standard as of January 1, 2024.
Certain amounts reported in the prior year financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef