Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Account Policies

Summary of Significant Account Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2021
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  



Basis of Presentation


The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and our wholly owned subsidiaries, Ondas Networks, American Robotics, Inc. and FS Partners, and our majority owned subsidiary, FS Holding. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions between these entities have been eliminated in these consolidated financial statements. 


Business Combinations


The Company utilized ASC 805, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”) to account for the August 5, 2021 acquisition of American Robotics (see note 5 for more details).


Goodwill and Intangible Assets


Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair values of the underlying net assets of an acquired business. The Company tests goodwill for impairment on an annual basis during the fourth quarter of its fiscal year, or immediately if conditions indicate that such impairment could exist. The Company evaluates qualitative factors to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value and whether it is necessary to perform goodwill impairment process.


Intangible assets represent patents, licenses, and allocation of purchase price to identifiable intangible assets of an acquired business. The Company estimates the fair value of its reporting units using the fair market value measurement requirement. Intangible assets are evaluated for impairment when events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable.


We amortize our intangible assets with a finite life on a straight-line basis, over 20 years for patents; 10 years for developed technology, 10 years for licenses, trademarks, and the FAA waiver; 5 years for customer relationships; and 1 year for non-compete agreements.


Segment Information


Operating segments are defined as components of an entity for which discrete financial information is available and is regularly reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) in making decisions regarding resource allocation and performance assessment. The Company’s CODM is its Chief Executive Officer. The Company determined it has two reportable segments: Ondas Networks and American Robotics as the CODM reviews financial information for these two businesses separately The Company has no inter-segment sales. 


Use of Estimates


The process of preparing financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Such management estimates include those relating to allocation of consideration for business combinations to identifiable tangible and intangible assets, revenue recognition, inventory write-downs to reflect net realizable value, assumptions used in the valuation of stock-based awards and valuation allowances against deferred tax assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


Cash and Cash Equivalents


The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. On December 31, 2021 and 2020, we had no cash equivalents. The Company periodically monitors its positions with, and the credit quality of the financial institutions with which it invests. Periodically, throughout the year, and as of December 31, 2021, the Company has maintained balances in excess of federally insured limits. As of December 31, 2021, the Company was approximately $40,180,000 in excess of federally insured limits.


Accounts Receivable


Accounts receivable are stated at a gross invoice amount less an allowance for credit losses. We estimate allowance for credit losses by evaluating specific accounts where information indicates our customers may have an inability to meet financial obligations, such as customer payment history, credit worthiness and receivable amounts outstanding for an extended period beyond contractual terms. We use assumptions and judgment, based on the best available facts and circumstances, to record an allowance to reduce the receivable to the amount expected to be collected. These allowances are evaluated and adjusted as additional information is received. We had no allowance for credit losses as of December 31, 2021 and 2020.




Inventories, which consist solely of raw materials, work in process and finished goods, are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or net realizable value, net of reserves for obsolete inventory. We continually analyze our slow-moving and excess inventories. Based on historical and projected sales volumes and anticipated selling prices, we established reserves. Inventory that is in excess of current and projected use is reduced by an allowance to a level that approximates its estimate of future demand. Products that are determined to be obsolete are written down to net realizable value. On December 31, 2021 and 2020, such reserves were $100,254 and $0, respectively.


Inventory consists of the following:


    December 31,
    December 31,
Raw Material   $ 1,153,254     $ 911,753  
Work in Process     65,192       172,207  
Finished Goods     60,153       68,145  
Less Inventory Reserves     (100,254 )    

Total Inventory, Net

  $ 1,178,345     $ 1,152,105  


Property and Equipment


All additions, including improvements to existing facilities, are recorded at cost. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Depreciation of property and equipment is principally recorded using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The estimated useful lives typically are (i) three to seven years for computer equipment and software, (ii) five years for vehicles and base stations, (iii) five to seven years for furniture and fixtures and test equipment, and (iv) two years for drones. Leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the lease term or the estimated useful life of the asset. Upon the disposal of property, the asset and related accumulated depreciation accounts are relieved of the amounts recorded therein for such items, and any resulting gain or loss is recorded in operating expenses in the year of disposition.




Costs incurred internally in researching and developing a software product are charged to expense until technological feasibility has been established for the product. Once technological feasibility is established, all software costs are capitalized until the product is available for general release to customers. Judgment is required in determining when technological feasibility of a product is established. We have determined that technological feasibility for our software products is reached after all high-risk development issues have been resolved through coding and testing. Generally, this occurs shortly before the products are released to production. The amortization of these costs is included in cost of revenue over the estimated life of the products. As of December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company had no internally developed software.


Impairment of Long-Lived Assets


Long-lived assets are evaluated whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable or the useful life has changed. Such indicators include significant technological changes, adverse changes in market conditions and/or poor operating results. The carrying value of a long-lived asset group is considered impaired when the projected undiscounted future cash flows is less than its carrying value. The amount of impairment loss recognized is the difference between the estimated fair value and the carrying value of the asset or asset group. Fair market value is determined primarily using the projected future cash flows discounted at a rate commensurate with the risk involved. The impairments of long-lived assets was $97,789 and $33,334 for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.


Research and Development


Costs for research and development are expensed as incurred. Research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries, salary related expenses and costs of contractors and materials.


Fair Value of Financial Instruments


Our financial instruments consist primarily of receivables, accounts payable, accrued expenses and short- and long-term debt. The carrying amount of receivables, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximates our fair value because of the short-term maturity of such instruments.


We have categorized our assets and liabilities that are valued at fair value on a recurring basis into a three-level fair value hierarchy in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities (Level 1) and lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3).


Assets and liabilities recorded in the balance sheets at fair value are categorized based on a hierarchy of inputs, as follows:


  Level 1 -- Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
  Level 2 -- Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.
  Level 3 -- Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.


The following table provides a summary of changes in fair value associated with the Level 3 liabilities for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020:


    Fair Value Measurements
Using Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
    December 31,  
    2021     2020  
Balance, beginning of period   $
Recognition of derivative liability    
      (32,906 )
Change in fair value of derivative liability    
      (37,607 )
Reclassification to additional paid in capital    
Balance, end of period   $


The above table of Level 3 liabilities begins with the prior period balance and adjusts the balance for changes that occurred during the current period. The ending balance of the Level 3 financial instrument presented above represent our best estimates and may not be substantiated by comparisons to independent markets and, in many cases, could not be realized in immediate settlement of the instruments.


We utilized a “with-and-with-out” approach to determine the fair value of the derivative liability for the embedded antidilution conversion feature. We used an option pricing back solve method based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock to determine the implied value of the Series A Preferred both with and without the embedded antidilution conversion feature. The difference in the implied value was then multiplied by the probability the embedded antidilution conversion feature would be applicable upon conversion, as estimated by management, to determine the fair value of the embedded antidilution conversion feature as of the reporting period.


Derivative Liability for Embedded Conversion Features


The Company evaluates its financial instruments to determine if those contracts or embedded components of those contracts qualify as derivatives to be accounted for separately. In circumstances where the embedded conversion option in a convertible instrument is required to be bifurcated and there are also other bifurcated embedded derivative instruments in the convertible instrument, the bifurcated derivative instruments are accounted for as a single, compound derivative instrument. The result of this accounting treatment is that the fair value of the embedded derivative is recorded as a liability and marked-to-market each balance sheet date, with the change in fair value recorded in the statements of operations as other income or expense.


Deferred Offering Costs


The Company capitalizes certain legal, professional accounting and other third-party fees that are directly associated with in-process equity financings as deferred offering costs until such financings are consummated. After consummation of equity financings, these costs are recorded in stockholders’ equity as a reduction of additional paid-in capital generated as a result of the offering. Should the planned equity financings be abandoned, the deferred offering costs are expensed immediately as a charge to other income (expense) in the consolidated statement of operations. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded reduction in additional paid-in capital of $390,032 and $929,299, respectively. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company expensed offering costs of $0 and $0, respectively.


Income Taxes


Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which the related temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized when the rate change is enacted. Valuation allowances are recorded to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that will more likely than not be realized. In accordance with GAAP, we recognize the effect of uncertain income tax positions only if the positions are more likely than not of being sustained in an audit, based on the technical merits of the position. Recognized uncertain income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which those changes in judgment occur. We recognize both interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as part of the income tax provision.


Share-Based Compensation


We calculate share-based compensation expense for option awards and certain warrant issuances (“Share-based Award(s)”) based on the estimated grant/issue date fair value using the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model (“Black-Scholes Model”) and recognize the expense on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. We account for forfeitures as they occur. The Black-Scholes Model requires the use of a number of assumptions including volatility of the stock price, the weighted average risk-free interest rate, and the vesting period of the Share-based Award in determining the fair value of Share-based Awards. Although we believe our assumptions used to calculate share-based compensation expense are reasonable, these assumptions can involve complex judgments about future events, which are open to interpretation and inherent uncertainty. In addition, significant changes to our assumptions could significantly impact the amount of expense recorded in a given period.


We recognize restricted stock unit expense over the period of vesting or period that services will be provided. Compensation associated with shares of Common Stock issued or to be issued to consultants and other non-employees is recognized over the expected service period beginning on the measurement date, which is generally the time the Company and the service provider enter into a commitment whereby the Company agrees to grant shares in exchange for the services to be provided.


Shipping and Handling


We expense all shipping and handling costs as incurred. These costs are included in cost of goods sold on the accompanying consolidated financial statements.


Revenue Recognition


Development projects


Ondas has two business segments that generate revenue: Ondas Networks and American Robotics. Ondas Networks generates revenue from product sales, services, and development projects. American Robotics generates revenue through data subscription services and development projects.


Ondas Networks is engaged in the development, marketing, and sale of wireless radio systems for secure, wide area mission-critical, business-to-business networks. Ondas Networks generates revenue primarily from the sale of our FullMAX System and the delivery of related services, along with non-recurring engineering (“NRE”) development projects with certain customers.


American Robotics generates revenue by selling a data subscription service to its customers based on the information collected by the Scout System. The Scout System consists of the Scout drone and the ScoutBaseTM and is owned, installed, and maintained on the customer premises by American Robotics. The customer pays for a monthly, annual, or multi-annual subscription service to access the data collected by the Scout System. The customer accesses its data remotely through ScoutViewTM, AR’s secure web portal for displaying, analyzing, and storing customer information and captured image data. American Robotics also generates revenue from development projects for customers who are interested in customized solutions.


Revenue for development projects is typically recognized over time using a percentage of completion input method, whereby revenues are recorded on the basis of the Company’s estimates of satisfaction of the performance obligation based on the ratio of actual costs incurred to total estimated costs. The input method is utilized because management considers it to be the best available measure of progress as the performance obligations are completed.


Revenue and cost estimates are regularly monitored and revised based on changes in circumstances. Impacts from changes in estimates of revenue and cost of revenue are recognized on a cumulative catch-up basis, which recognizes in the current period the cumulative effect of the changes on current and prior periods base in the performance completed to date.


As of August 5, 2021, American Robotics had signed subscription agreements of varying contract lengths with customers in multiple industries including agriculture, oil and gas and materials management. Subscription revenue is recognized on straight line basis over the length of the customer subscription agreement. If a subscription payment is received prior to installation and operation of the Scout System, it is held in deferred revenue and recognized after operation commences over the length of the subscription service. American Robotics also provides customized data solutions for certain customers and receives development revenue for those services.


Collaboration Arrangements within the Scope of ASC 808, Collaborative Arrangements


The Company’s development revenue includes contracts where the Company and the customer work cooperatively to develop software and hardware applications. The Company analyzes these contracts to assess whether such arrangements involve joint operating activities performed by parties that are both active participants in the activities and exposed to significant risks and rewards dependent on the commercial success of such activities and are therefore within the scope of ASC Topic 808, Collaborative Arrangements (“ASC 808”). This assessment is performed throughout the life of the arrangement based on changes in the responsibilities of all parties in the arrangement. For collaboration arrangements that are deemed to be within the scope of ASC 808, the Company first determines which elements of the collaboration are deemed to be within the scope of ASC 808 and those that are more reflective of a vendor-customer relationship and therefore within the scope of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). The Company’s policy is generally to recognize amounts received from collaborators in connection with joint operating activities that are within the scope of ASC 808 as a reduction in research and development expense. As of December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company has not identified any contracts with its customers that meet the criteria of ASC 808.


Arrangements within the Scope of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers


Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue when the customer obtains control of promised products or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which is expected to be received in exchange for those products or services. The Company recognizes revenue following the five-step model prescribed under ASC 606: (i) identify contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligation(s) in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligation(s) in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the entity will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the products or services it transfers to the customer.


At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the products or services promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations and assesses whether each promised product or service is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied. To the extent the transaction price includes variable consideration, we estimate the amount of variable consideration that should be included in the transaction price utilizing the expected value method. Variable consideration is included in the transaction price if, in our judgment, it is probable that a significant future reversal of cumulative revenue under the contract will not occur. Estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of our anticipated performance and all information (historical, current, and forecasted) that is reasonably available. Sales and other taxes collected on behalf of third parties are excluded from revenue. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, none of our contracts with customers included variable consideration.


Contracts that are modified to account for changes in contract specifications and requirements are assessed to determine if the modification either creates new or changes the existing enforceable rights and obligations. Generally, contract modifications are for products or services that are not distinct from the existing contract due to the inability to use, consume or sell the products or services on their own to generate economic benefits and are accounted for as if they were part of that existing contract. The effect of a contract modification on the transaction price and measure of progress for the performance obligation to which it relates, is recognized as an adjustment to revenue (either as an increase in or a reduction of revenue) on a cumulative catch-up basis. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, there were no modifications to contract specifications.


Product revenue is comprised of sales of the Ondas Networks’ software defined base station and remote radios, its network management and monitoring system, and accessories. Ondas Networks’ software and hardware is sold with a limited one-year basic warranty included in the price. The limited one-year basic warranty is an assurance-type warranty, is not a separate performance obligation, and thus no transaction price is allocated to it. The nature of tasks under the limited one-year basic warranty only provides for remedying defective product(s) covered by the warranty. Product revenue is generally recognized when the customer obtains control of our product, which occurs at a point in time, and may be upon shipment or upon delivery based on the contractual shipping terms of a contract, or upon installation when the combined performance obligation is not distinct within the context of the contract.


Service revenue is comprised of separately priced extended warranty sales, network support and maintenance, remote monitoring, as well as ancillary services directly related to the sale of the Ondas Networks’ wireless communications products including wireless network design, systems engineering, radio frequency planning, software configuration, product training, installation, and onsite support. The extended warranty Ondas Networks sells provides a level of assurance beyond the coverage for defects that existed at the time of a sale or against certain types of covered damage. The extended warranty includes 1) factory hardware repair or replacement of the base station and remote radios, at our election, 2) software upgrades, bug fixes and new features of the radio software and network management systems (“NMS”), 3) deployment and network architecture support, and 4) technical support by phone and email. Ancillary service revenues are recognized at the point in time when those services have been provided to the customer and the performance obligation has been satisfied. The Company allocates the transaction price to the service and extended warranty based on the stand-alone selling prices of these performance obligations, which are stated in our contracts. Revenue for the extended warranty is recognized overtime.


Development revenue is comprised primarily of non-recurring engineering service contracts to develop software and hardware applications for various customers. For Ondas Networks, a significant portion of this revenue is generated through four contracts with two customers whereby Ondas Networks is to develop such applications to interoperate within the customers infrastructure. For these contracts, Ondas Networks and the customers work cooperatively, whereby the customers’ involvement is to provide technical specifications for the product design, as well as, to review and approve the project progress at various markers based on predetermined milestones. The products developed are not able to be sold to any other customer and are based in part upon existing Ondas Networks and customer technology. Development revenue is recognized as services are provided over the life of the contract as Ondas Networks has an enforceable right to payment for services completed to date and there is no alternative use of the product.


If the customer contract contains a single performance obligation, the entire transaction price is allocated to the single performance obligation. We enter into certain contracts within our service revenues that have multiple performance obligations, one or more of which may be delivered subsequent to the delivery of other performance obligations. We allocate the transaction price based on the estimated relative standalone selling prices of the promised products or services underlying each performance obligation. We determine standalone selling prices based on the price at which the performance obligation is sold separately. If the standalone selling price is not observable through past transactions, we estimate the standalone selling price considering available information such as market conditions and internally approved pricing guidelines related to the performance obligations. Revenue is then allocated to the performance obligations using the relative selling prices of each of the performance obligations in the contract.


Ondas Networks’ payment terms vary and range from Net 15 to Net 30 days from the date of the invoices for product and services related revenue. Ondas Networks’ payment terms for the majority of their development related revenue carry milestone related payment obligations which span the contract life. For milestone-based contracts, the customer reviews the completed milestone and once approved, makes payment pursuant to the applicable contract.


American Robotics generates revenue by selling a data subscription service to its customers based on the information collected by the Scout System. The customer pays for a monthly, annual, or multi-annual subscription service to access the data collected by the Scout System. The customer accesses its data remotely through ScoutViewTM, AR’s secure web portal for displaying, analyzing, and storing customer information and captured image data. American Robotics also generates development revenue from customers who are interested in customized solutions.


Disaggregation of Revenue


The following tables present our disaggregated revenues by Type of Revenue and Timing of Revenue.

    Years Ended December 31,  
    2021     2020  
Type of Revenue            
Product revenue   $ 405,570     $ 1,151,557  
Service and subscription revenue     96,933       62,410  
Development revenue     2,401,474       943,357  
Other revenue     2,794       6,395  
Total revenue   $ 2,906,771     $ 2,163,719  


Of the service and subscription revenue above, $66,617 and $0 represents American Robotics subscription revenue for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.


    Years Ended December 31,  
    2021     2020  
Timing of Revenue            
Revenue recognized point in time   $ 438,413     $ 1,287,132  
Revenue recognized over time     2,468,358       876,587  
Total revenue   $ 2,906,771     $ 2,163,719  


Of the revenue recognized over time above, $66,617and $0 represents American Robotics subscription revenue for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.


Contract Assets and Liabilities


We recognize a receivable or contract asset when we perform a service or transfer a good in advance of receiving consideration. A receivable is recorded when our right to consideration is unconditional and only the passage of time is required before payment of that consideration is due. A contract asset is recorded when our right to consideration in exchange for goods or services that we have transferred or provided to a customer is conditional on something other than the passage of time. We did not have any contract assets recorded on December 31, 2021 and 2020.


We recognize a contract liability when we receive consideration, or if we have the unconditional right to receive consideration, in advance of satisfying the performance obligation. A contract liability is our obligation to transfer goods or services to a customer for which we have received consideration, or an amount of consideration is due from the customer. The table below details the activity in our contract liabilities during the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, and the balance at the end of each year is reported as deferred revenue in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.


    Years Ended December 31,  
    2021     2020  
Balance, beginning of year   $ 165,035     $ 378,850  
Additions     2,238,137       1,053,850  
Transfer to revenue     (1,890,775 )     (1,267,665 )
Balance, end of year   $ 512,397     $ 165,035  


Warranty Reserve


For our software and hardware products, we provide a limited one-year assurance-type warranty and for our development service, we provide no warranties. The assurance-type warranty covers defects in material and workmanship only. If a software or hardware component is determined to be defective after being tested by the Company within the one-year, the Company will repair, replace or refund the price of the covered hardware and/or software to the customer (not including any shipping, handling, delivery or installation charges). We estimate, based upon a review of historical warranty claim experience, the costs that may be incurred under our warranties and record a liability in the amount of such estimate at the time a product is sold. Factors that affect our warranty liability include the number of units sold, historical and anticipated rates of warranty claims, and cost per claim. We periodically assess the adequacy of our recorded warranty liability and adjust the accrual as claims data and historical experience warrants. The Company has assessed the costs of fulfilling its existing assurance-type warranties and has determined that the estimated outstanding warranty obligations on December 31, 2021 and 2020 are immaterial to the Company’s financial statements.




Under Topic 842, operating lease expense is generally recognized evenly over the term of the lease. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company’s operating leases consisted of office space in Sunnyvale, CA (the “Gibraltar Lease”) and Marlborough, MA (the “American Robotics Lease”). For the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company had operating leases primarily consisting of two office space leases in Sunnyvale, California (the “North Pastoria Lease” and the “Gibraltar Lease”) (collectively, the “Sunnyvale Leases”). On December 31, 2020, the North Pastoria Lease expired. The Gibraltar Lease expired on February 28, 2021 and was verbally extended to March 31, 2021 under the same terms.


On January 24, 2020, the Company and a third party (the “Sublessee”) entered into a Sublease agreement (the “Sublease”) on the North Pastoria Lease, wherein the Sublessee occupied the premises through December 31, 2020. The Sublessee made rent payments of approximately $9,666 and management fee payments of approximately $457 per month beginning February 1, 2020, and a one-time security deposit of $19,332. Sublease rental income for the period from February 1 through December 31, 2020 was $111,349. On December 31, 2020, $10,122 of the security deposit was applied to the December 2020 amount due and the balance was refunded on January 19, 2021.


On January 22, 2021, we entered into a 24-month lease (effective April 1, 2021) with the owner and landlord (the “2021 Gibraltar Lease”), wherein the base rate is $45,000 per month, with a security deposit in the amount of $90,000.


On August 5, 2021, the Company acquired American Robotics and the American Robotics Lease, wherein the base rate is $15,469 per month, with an annual increase of 3% through January 2024, with a security deposit of $24,166. On August 19, 2021, American Robotics amended their lease to reduce their space to approximately 10,450 square feet. The amendment reduced their annual base rent to $8,802 per month, with an annual increase of 3% through January 2024.


On October 8, 2021, American Robotics entered into an 86-month operating lease for space in Waltham, Massachusetts. Lease is scheduled to commence on March 1, 2022 and terminate on April 30, 2029, wherein the base rate is $39,375 per month, increasing 3% annually, with a security deposit due in the amount of $104,040. In conjunction with this new lease, American Robotics is leasing a short-term temporary space at $8,500 per month, until their primary space is available, which is targeted for May 1, 2022. These facilities also serve as Ondas corporate headquarters.


We determine if an arrangement is a lease, or contains a lease, at the inception of the arrangement. If we determine the arrangement is a lease, or contains a lease, at lease inception, we then determine whether the lease is an operating lease or finance lease. Operating and finance leases result in recording a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and lease liability on our consolidated balance sheets. ROU assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. For purposes of calculating operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities, we use the non-cancellable lease term plus options to extend that we are reasonably certain to take. Lease expense for operating lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Our leases generally do not provide an implicit rate. As such, we use our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. This rate is generally consistent with the interest rate we pay on borrowings under our credit facilities, as this rate approximates our collateralized borrowing capabilities over a similar term of the lease payments. We have elected not to recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities that arise from short-term (12 months or less) leases for any class of underlying assets. We have elected not to separate lease and non-lease components for any class of underlying asset.


Lease Costs


    Years ended December 31,  
    2021     2020  
Components of total lease costs:            
Operating lease expense   $ 522,012     $ 325,839  
Short-term lease costs (1)     45,498       7,650  
Sublease rental income    
      (111,349 )
Total lease costs   $ 567,510     $ 222,140  


(1) Represents short-term leases which are immaterial.


Lease Positions as of December 31, 2021 and 2020


ROU lease assets and lease liabilities for our operating leases were recorded in the consolidated balance sheet as follows:


    December 31,  
    2021     2020  
Operating lease assets   $ 836,025     $ 51,065  
Total lease assets   $ 836,025     $ 51,065  
Operating lease liabilities, current   $ 550,525     $ 56,168  
Operating lease liabilities, net of current     241,677      
Total lease liabilities   $ 792,202     $ 56,168  


Other Leases Information


    Years ended
December 31,
    2021     2020  
Operating cash flows for operating leases   $ 525,938     $ 531,166  
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)- operating lease     1.48       0.2  
Weighted average discount rate – operating lease     10.93 %     14 %


Undiscounted Leases Cash Flows


Future lease payments included in the measurement of lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet on December 31, 2021, as follows:


Years ending December 31,      
2022   $ 603,003  
2023   246,242  
2024   9,338  
Total future minimum lease payments   $ 858,583  
Lease imputed interest   (66,381 )
Total   $ 792,202  


Net Loss Per Common Share


Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average shares of common stock outstanding for each period. Diluted net loss per share is the same as basic net loss per share since the Company has net losses for each period presented.


The following potentially dilutive securities for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share because the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.


    Years Ended
December 31,
    2021     2020  
Warrants to purchase common stock     3,258,961       1,832,910  
Options to purchase common stock     687,448       568,006  
Restricted stock units     518,750       501,160  
Total potentially dilutive securities     4,465,159       2,902,076  


Concentrations of Credit Risk


Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist of cash and accounts receivable. Cash is deposited with a limited number of financial institutions. The balances held at any one financial institution may be in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance limits. As of December 31, 2021, the Company was approximately $40,180,000 in excess of federally insured limits.


Credit is extended to customers based on an evaluation of their financial condition and other factors. We generally do not require collateral or other security to support accounts receivable. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and maintains an allowance for credit losses.


Concentration of Customers


The table below sets forth the Company’s customers that accounted for greater than 10% of its revenues for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively:


    Years Ended
December 31,
Customer   2021     2020  
A     41 %     47 %
B     55 %     46 %


Customers A and B accounted for 54% and 36% of the Company’s accounts receivable balance as of December 31, 2021, respectively.


Customer B accounted for 14% of the Company’s accounts receivable balance, while 86% was held by customers with less than 5% of the Company’s revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020.


Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements


In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which removes certain exceptions for recognizing deferred taxes for investments, performing intra-period tax allocation and calculating income taxes in interim periods. ASU 2019-12 is applicable to all entities subject to income taxes. ASU 2019-12 provides guidance to minimize complexity in certain areas by introducing a policy election to not allocate consolidated income taxes when a member of a consolidated tax return is not subject to income tax and guides whether to relate a step-up tax basis to a business combination or separate transaction. ASU 2019-12 changes the current guidance of making an intraperiod allocation, determining when a tax liability is recognized after a foreign entity investor transition to or from equity method of accounting, accounting for tax law changes and year-to-date losses in interim periods, and determining how to apply income tax guidance to franchise taxes. The amendments from ASU 2019-12 are effective for all public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 and include interim periods. The guidance is effective for all other entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021 and for interim periods beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption was permitted. The adoption of this pronouncement during the year ended December 31, 2021 had no impact on our accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements


In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers, which requires contract assets and contract liabilities (i.e., deferred revenue) acquired in a business combination to be recognized and measured by the acquirer on the acquisition date in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as if it had originated the contracts. The new guidance creates an exception to the general recognition and measurement principles of ASC 805, Business Combinations. The new guidance should be applied prospectively and is effective for all public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 and include interim periods. The guidance is effective for all other entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of the adoption of ASU No. 2021-08 on its consolidated financial statements.


In May 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued accounting standards update (“ASU”) 2021-04—Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt— Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options, to clarify and reduce diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options (for example, warrants) that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public and nonpublic entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods with fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of the adoption of ASU No. 2021-04 on its consolidated financial statements.


In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”), which simplifies an issuer’s accounting for convertible instruments by reducing the number of accounting models that require separate accounting for embedded conversion features. ASU 2020-06 also simplifies the settlement assessment that entities are required to perform to determine whether a contract qualifies for equity classification and makes targeted improvements to the disclosures for convertible instruments and earnings-per-share (EPS) guidance. This update will be effective for the Company’s fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Entities can elect to adopt the new guidance through either a modified retrospective method of transition or a fully retrospective method of transition. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pending adoption of the new standard on its financial statements and intends to adopt the standard as of January 1, 2024.


In June 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which replaces the incurred loss methodology with an expected loss methodology that is referred to as the current expected credit loss (“CECL”) methodology. The CECL model utilizes a lifetime expected credit loss measurement objective for the recognition of credit losses for loans and other receivables at the time the financial asset is originated or acquired. The expected credit losses are adjusted each period for changes in expected lifetime credit losses. This model replaces the multiple existing impairment models previously used under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, which generally require that a loss be incurred before it is recognized. The new standard also applies to financial assets arising from revenue transactions such as contract assets and accounts receivables. For public business entities that meet the definition of an SEC filer, excluding entities eligible to be SRCs as defined by the SEC, ASU No. 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. All other entities, ASU No. 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of the adoption of ASU No. 2016-13 on its consolidated financial statements. 




Certain amounts reported in the prior year financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.